Wheezing is the rattling and shrill sound that you get in your breath due to partial blockage of airways. It is possible to hear some wheezes using a stethoscope. Most often, you can hear it without a stethoscope. It becomes clear when you exhale.
But you can also hear it during inhalation. The tone of wheezing can be different in people. It depends on which part of your respiratory system has become narrowed or blocked. If any part of your upper respiratory system is damaged, you may get a hoarse wheeze.
In case of low obstruction, you will hear a more tone of music similar to a wind instrument for example clarinet. Anyone can get the problem of wheezing from infants to early adults. Often, children who have asthma get this issue. The problem of wheezing is common in many infants.
Approximately, 25 to 30% of infants get the issues of wheezing during the first year of life according to a report. Due to smaller airways, the problem of wheezing may be common in babies. Children under the age of two are vulnerable to a common condition known as bronchiolitis.
This can be easily treated and caused by inflammation or any viral respiratory infection. People with emphysema or smokers are vulnerable to wheezing in adults. Moreover, individuals with heart issues are also susceptible to developing this condition.
Normally, an obstruction of small bronchial tubes in the area of your chest can cause wheezing. The cause of asthma wheezing is obviously the symptom of asthma. Sometimes obstruction that occurs in the area of your larger airways can cause wheezing.
Obstruction can happen in your vocal cords too that makes you susceptible to developing this issue. Following are the causes of wheezing.
- Asthma: It is a chronic condition that can lead to swelling and spasms in the area of your bronchial tubes. Exposure to certain airborne allergens like house dust, pollen, mold, or animals can cause wheezing. Viral illness can make the symptoms of your asthma worse.
- Bronchitis: It occurs when the lining of your bronchial tubes gets inflamed. It leads to wheezing.
- Bronchiolitis: It is common in young children and can cause the problem of wheezing.
- COPD: It refers to chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, long-term damage, and inflammation of your bronchial tube lining. It occurs due to smoking commonly and causes a wheezing problem in individuals.
- Cystic Fibrosis: Thick mucus can cause issues of breathing if you have CF. It can also lead to the problem of wheezing.
- Pneumonia: It refers to lung inflammation that can usually be caused by a bacteria or virus.
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus: It refers to a seasonal lung infection that can cause the problem of pneumonia or bronchiolitis.
- Aspirating: If a foreign object stocks into the area of your lungs, it can cause wheezing.
Wheezing treatment is associated with its cause. If you have a severe issue of wheezing that interferes with your breathing, you require hospitalisation to improve its symptoms.
Your doctor will prescribe you an inhaler in order to decrease inflammation in the cause of wheezing is asthma. Inhaler helps to open airways. Your doctor can suggest certain pills like montelukast to reduce inflammation and treat asthma.
If your doctor has identified that bronchitis is the cause of wheezing, he may give you a bronchodilator like albuterol in order to control it. He may also give you antibiotics to help you in healing from the infection of bacteria. It helps you to breathe better with recovery.
Other wheezing causes may require certain treatments. The doctor gives you a proper plan to manage the symptoms of an underlying condition.
Home Treatment For Wheezing
There are different ways to treat wheezing issues at your home. Following tips will help you to manage its symptoms at home.
It is reported that breathing exercises help to relax the airways in case you have an asthma problem. Try to practice yoga breathing if you are living in a moist environment. If you do not know how to do it, try any deep breathing exercise to expand the capacity of your lungs.
Hot Herbal Tea
It is good to drink hot herbal tea in case you are suffering from asthma or wheezing symptoms. Moisture and warmth of tea help you to relax the area of your bronchial tubes. Some studies recommended green tea to get antibacterial properties.
Smoking is bad for your health. It makes your lungs inflamed and irritates your airways. Avoid it if you want to live a healthy life.